As I sit alone at home working at my computer tonight, public protests against institutional racism across the country continue to swell, in both size and number. It’s extremely powerful to see that energy unleashed, yet tragic to consider what motivates it. I understand and appreciate the empowerment that comes from taking to the streets on behalf of social justice causes held dear. Marcia and I marched numerous times when we lived in Chicago, in some immense gatherings of people, and it did heart and mind and soul good to know that we were not alone in our outrage at public policy and pronouncements that were hateful and loathsome to us both.
There have been recurring rallies and marches (and, alas, attendant violence likely perpetrated by those seeking to undermine the credibility of the cause) in our Des Moines neighborhood over the past week-plus, although we have largely steered clear of the crowds out of COVID-19 concerns. But that doesn’t mean that we’re not supportive of the causes in question, and willing to apply resources, thought, encouragement, time and the power of our votes on behalf of social justice and equity, here and elsewhere. Change is necessary, both structurally and politically. Hopefully the magnitude of the national gatherings communicates that clearly, convincing those in power to accede that “we’ve always done it that way” is not a viable long-term response, or forcing them from office if they’re unwilling to respond, adapt and lead.
Given who I am and what I do, I will note that one thing that I miss from being a part of that large crowd energy in person, up close and personal, is hearing the ways in which music can be deployed to educate, inspire, motivate, rally and energize. Having recently posted articles about my jazz, gospel and international listening during these our diseased days of late, Marcia suggested that I also share a playlist of my favorite protest music as a small statement of solidarity with those out on the streets today, and those cheering them on from home. Great idea! Always happy to make a list, especially a musical one!
As per my normal practice in such little projects, I did some research to frame my argument on what, exactly, defines the genre of “protest songs.” One surprising thing that emerged from my reading was that the way in which we use the word “protest” is a surprisingly modern one, per this definition from the wonderful Online Etymology Dictionary (italics are mine for emphasis):
c. 1400, “avowal, pledge, solemn declaration,” from Old French protest (Modern French prôtet), from preotester, and directly from Latin protestari “declare publicly, testify, protest,” from pro- “forth, before” (from PIE root *per- (1) “forward,” hence “in front of, before”) + testari “testify,” from testis “witness” (see testament). Meaning “statement of disapproval” first recorded 1751; adjectival sense of “expressing of dissent from, or rejection of, prevailing mores” is from 1953, in reference to U.S. civil rights movement. First record of “protest march” is from 1959.
Using that modern civil rights definition as a guide, I started jotting down obvious favorites, and the list quickly swelled well beyond the normal 10-12 song videos that I would share for such an article. But having developed the long list, I didn’t feel like cutting it. They’re all important songs. Well worth spinning, well worth hearing, well worth considering and well worth acting upon. Every song I included does indeed express “dissent from, or rejection of, prevailing mores,” with varying degrees of explicitness. Many offer alternative courses of action, while others simply seek to frame thought and discussion via a documentary approach to explaining the nature of the injustices in question. Some work well as simple singalongs in the moment of rally, some are definitely too dense for that, but instead seek to motivate and inspire when we’re not all together, chanting as one.
While our current national convulsion hinges on issues of racial injustice, there are also obviously a collection of tremendous protest songs decrying the plights of workers, women, immigrants, the poor, victims of colonialism, and many other socially and economically oppressed communities, while also overtly challenging the societal and political conventions that foster that oppression. I’ve included a fair number of those as well. There’s lot of power in these types of songs, at bottom line. They can, have and hopefully will help to continue moving the needle.
That preamble complete, below I present 40 of my favorite protest songs (one song per artist, alphabetical by artist name), in loose recognition of the “American Top 40” trope, even though few of these songs ever appeared on those weekly lists of the Nation’s most popular tunes. We might be a better, more functional society in 2020 if they had. Not from a cause-effect standpoint, mind, but rather just because if more people were more actively interested in hearing about social injustice and how other people react and respond to it, that would be indicative of a deeper sense of acceptance of the rightness of these messages, and a deeper respect for the artists who created them.
The links will allow you to hear any and all of the songs individually, should you wish to do so. Marcia also made a Spotify playlist, which I include at the bottom of the page below the photos for those who stream your music. I figure these are better approaches than embedding 40 videos and dragging site loading time to a complete crawl. As always, I’m happy to hear from readers with your own suggestions and/or reactions to the list. I’ll certainly not complain about having some good new anthems to rock my mind and body in the days ahead of us.
- “Know Your Rights,” The Clash
- “Orange Man Bad,” Crisis Actor
- “Ohio,” Crosby, Still, Nash & Young
- “Opiate the Masses,” dälek
- “This Could Be Anywhere,” Dead Kennedys
- “America The Beautiful,” D.O.A.
- “Haus der Lüge,” Einstürzende Neubauten
- “A Change Is Gonna Come,” Aretha Franklin
- “Inner City Boundaries,” Freestyle Fellowship
- “Biological Speculation,” Funkadelic
- “This Is America,” Childish Gambino
- “What’s Going On,” Marvin Gaye
- “You Don’t Own Me,” Leslie Gore
- “The Message,” Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
- “This Land Is Your Land,” Woody Guthrie
- “Who’ll Apologize for This Disaster of a Life,” Hanslick Rebellion
- “Strange Fruit,” Billie Holliday
- “Volunteers,” Jefferson Airplane
- “Work for All,” Juluka
- “Original Sufferhead,” Fela Kuti
- “Brother Did You Weep,” Ewan MacColl
- “Beds Are Burning,” Midnight Oil
- “Original Faubus Fables,” Charles Mingus
- “Dear Slum Landlord,” Napalm Death
- “Fight the Power,” Public Enemy
- “Killing in the Name,” Rage Against the Machine
- “Triptych: Prayer/Protest/Peace,” Max Roach
- “Universal Soldier,” Buffy Sainte-Marie
- “The Revolution Will Not Be Televised,” Gil Scott-Heron
- “We Shall Overcome,” Pete Seeger
- “Mississippi Goddam,” Nina Simone
- “Typical Girls,” The Slits
- “B.L.M.,” The Specials
- “Long Walk to D.C.,” The Staple Singers
- “Monster/Suicide/America,” Steppenwolf
- “Equal Rights,” Peter Tosh
- “List of Demands (Reparations),” Saul Williams
- “Living for the City,” Stevie Wonder
- “Pigs,” Robert Wyatt
- “Melt the Guns,” XTC
Addendum: I later added another 40 powerful protest tunes to this mix. You can find that supplemental listing here.